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Praznici

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1 Praznici taj Ned 22 Avg 2010, 06:08

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* January 1 (national holiday)
New Year (shogatsu):

This is the most important holiday in Japan. While only January 1 is designated as a national holiday, many businesses remain closed through January 3.

* Second Monday of January (national holiday)
Coming of Age (seijin no hi):

The coming of age of 20 year old men and women is celebrated on this national holiday.

* February 3
Beginning of spring (setsubun):

Setsubun is not a national holiday, but celebrated at shrines and temples nationwide.

* February 11 (national holiday)
National Foundation Day (kenkoku kinenbi):

According to the earliest Japanese history records, on this day in the year 660 BC the first Japanese emperor was crowned.

* February 14
Valentine's Day:

In Japan, women give chocolates to men on Valentine's Day. It is not a national holiday.

* March 3
Doll's Festival (hina matsuri):

Also called girl's festival.

* March 14
White Day:

The opposite of Valentine's Day: Men give cakes or chocolates to women. It is not a national holiday.

* Around March 20 (national holiday)
Spring Equinox Day (shunbun no hi):

Graves are visited during the week (ohigan) of the Equinox Day.

* April 29 (national holiday)
Showa Day (Showa no hi):

The birthday of former Emperor Showa. Before 2007, April 29 was known as Greenery Day (now celebrated on May 4). Showa Day is part of the Golden Week.

* May 3 (national holiday)
Constitution Day (kenpo kinenbi):

A national holiday remembering the new constitution, which was put into effect after the war.

* May 4 (national holiday)
Greenery Day (midori no hi):

Until 2006, Greenery Day was celebrated on April 29, the former Emperor Showa's birthday, due to the emperor's love for plants and nature. It is now celebrated on May 4 and is part of the Golden Week.

* May 5 (national holiday)
Children's Day (kodomo no hi):

Also called boy's festival.

* July/August 7
Star Festival (tanabata):

Tanabata is a festival rather than a national holiday.

* Third Monday of July (national holiday)
Ocean Day (umi no hi):

A recently introduced national holiday to celebrate the ocean. The day marks the return of Emperor Meiji from a boat trip to Hokkaido in 1876.

* July/August 13-15
Obon:

Obon is a festival to commemorate deceased ancestors.

* Third Monday of September (national holiday)
Respect for the Aged Day (keiro no hi):

Respect for the elderly and longevity are celebrated on this national holiday.

* Around September 23 (national holiday)
Autum Equinox Day (shubun no hi):
Graves are visited during the week (ohigan) of the Equinox Day.

* Second Monday of October (national holiday)
Health and Sports Day (taiiku no hi):

On that day in 1964, the Olympic games of Tokyo were opened.

* November 3 (national holiday)
Culture Day (bunka no hi):

A day for promotion of culture and the love of freedom and peace. On culture day, schools and the government award selected persons for their special, cultural achievements.

* November 15
Seven-Five-Three (shichigosan):

A festival for children, Shichigosan is not a national holiday.

* November 23 (national holiday)
Labour Thanksgiving Day (kinro kansha no hi):

A national holiday for honoring labour.

* December 23 (national holiday)
Emperor's Birthday (tenno no tanjobi):

The birthday of the current emperor is always a national holiday. If the emperor changes, the national holiday changes to the birthday date of the new emperor.

* December 24-25
Christmas:

Christmas is not a national holiday, but it is celebrated by an increasing number of Japanese.

* December 31
New Year's Eve (omisoka):

December 31 is not a national holiday.





In addition to the annual holidays listed above, certain events of celebration or mourning related to the imperial family are also treated as national holidays in the year in which they occur.

There have been four instances of such holidays since the introduction of the Public Holiday Law.

* April 10, 1959: Marriage of Crown Prince Akihito
* February 24, 1989: State Funeral of the Shōwa Emperor
* November 12, 1990: Official Enthronement Ceremony of Emperor Akihito
* June 9, 1993: Marriage of Crown Prince Naruhito






Beginning in 2000, Japan implemented the Happy Monday System (ハッピーマンデー制度) which moved a number of national holidays to Monday to connect with the weekend:

* Coming-of-Age Day: January 15 → 2nd Monday of January, starting in 2000.
* Marine Day: July 20 → 3rd Monday of July, starting in 2003.
* Respect for the Aged Day: September 15 → 3rd Monday of September, starting in 2003.
* Health and Sports Day: October 10 → 2nd Monday of October, starting in 2000.

In 2005, the country decided to add Shōwa Day, a new national holiday, in place of Greenery Day on April 29, and to move Greenery Day to May 4. These changes took effect in 2007.

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